Most often we associate the term “Crusades” with an effort by the European Christians of the Middle Ages to take back the Holy Land, specifically Jerusalem, from the Muslims. Indeed, there were Crusades mounted for ...
At age 12, on Nov. 29, 1226, Louis IX was anointed king of France. He became the most esteemed and effectual of all the French monarchs; arguably, of all monarchs in history. For the first ...
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